How to make a dictionary: WS 2008-9

Lexicon Theory (2) and interim summary

Apropos macrostructure

Why wait for morphology to finish with this?

Sorting strategies

Mesostructure

Lexicon megastructure

Interim summary

Structures of a lexicon

Figure: macrostructure in relation to lexicon articles

Structures of a lexicon

Figure: zooming into the macrostructure and getting at the microstructure

Structures of a lexicon

Figure: prototypical microstructure

Structures of a lexicon

Figure: prototypical mesostructure

Special relations between words

Figure: the same orthography makes homographs

Special relations between words

Figure: the same pronunciation makes homophones

Special relations between words

Figure: the same pronunciation and the same orthography and the same POS makes homonyms

Special relations between words

Figure: the same definition makes synonyms

Lexicography and other linguistic fields

Figure: Relation of lexicons to other fields of linguistics

Creating lexicons: why?

Studying the unknown

Language documentation

Syntax

Integral part of well founded grammars

Natural language processing

Artificial Intelligence

Typological studies (+variation studies)

Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics

Language education

Procedure for creating lexicons

Homework for next week

  1. Select three areas from different sections above in which lexicons play a major role. Think of a concrete scenario for each where a lexicon might come handy. Which data categories do you need? How would you sort your dictionary? Is it a writer's or reader's dictionary? Why?
  2. Find at least three different word frequency lists for English on the web sorted by frequency. How do you explain the differences? Do you think genre, gender, social class, age group, region relate to that? Why (not)?
  3. Find a linguistic questionnaire on the web that can be used for investigating words used in various languages. What is the structure of the resulting lexicon?

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